[LARGE ARCHIVE OF DRAWINGS, VIEWS, PHOTOGRAPHS, DOCUMENTS, LETTERS, AND EPHEMERA RELATED TO THE CIVIL WAR SERVICE OF GERMAN IMMIGRANT LIEUT. ANTHONY GOLDSMITH/ANTON GOLDSCHMIDT, 12th PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY, HIS JEWELRY BUSINESS, AND HIS DESCENDENTS].

[Various locations in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia (see below). ca. 1853-1980s]. Fourteen Civil War drawings and views (ranging in size from 4 1/2 x 6 inches to 9 3/4 x 34 inches); ten post-Civil War drawings (ranging in size from 8 x 8 1/2 inches to 25 x 36 inches); 140 photographs, including cabinet cards, tintypes, and glass negatives (measuring from 3 x 2 1/2 inches to 7 3/4 x 5 1/2 inches); eighty-five legal documents; 233 pieces of ephemera; four ledgers (81,[17]; [32]; [28]; [184]pp.); one notepad: [12]pp.; two journals (26; 66pp.); nine letters; two dog tags; five uniform buttons; one brass badge; two cavalry lapel ornaments; four pieces of lead; one doll. Drawings and views: large drawing mounted on paper with significant separation at folds as well as chipping and several tears, most others brittle, chipped, and separating at folds due to poor paper and heavy use. About good. Photos: a few photos creased, some with minor wear, a few coming away from mounting, but overall very good. Ledgers and Journals: First ledger - Half black morocco with marbled paper boards. Front board partially detached, rear joint cracked (but holding), spine strip almost perished, light wear and tanning throughout. Good. Second ledger - Half blue cloth with marbled paper boards. Light wear to extremities, several pages excised. About very good. Third ledger - Half brown cloth with coated buckram wrappers. Wear to extremities, light tanning throughout. Very good. Fourth ledger - Half black cloth with marbled paper boards. Wear to boards and extremities, some loss at corners, spine ends frayed, even tanning throughout. About very good. Pocket notepad - Black calf, gilt cover. Wear to covers, spine ends frayed, most pages excised, a few pages loose. Good. First journal - 16mo. Burgundy diced morocco, lacking flap, wear to extremities, several pages excised, light tanning and staining throughout. About very good. Second journal - 12mo. Contemporary calf, with boards detached (but present), lacking spine, pages chipped and worn with soiling and tanning throughout. Good. Documents - some light wear and tanning, very good. Ephemera - wear to some pieces, overall very good. Item #WRCAM56460

A rich and diverse collection of material documenting the Civil War service and post- war life of German immigrant, Anthony Goldsmith (1839-99). Serving as a scout during the Civil War, Goldsmith was involved at 2nd Bull Run, Manassas, Winchester, and several other significant battles. Included in this archive are several of his manuscript drawings, which are highly accomplished and are unique, important, examples of military cartography during the war. The archive is equally rich in material documenting Goldsmith's long post-war career as a jeweler and clock repairer in Quakertown, Pennsylvania. Goldsmith was born Anton Goldschmidt in Kenzingen, Germany. He immigrated to the U.S. with his parents in 1853 and settled in Philadelphia, where he was apprenticed to a watchmaker. On April 18, 1861, he enlisted in Co. I, 22nd Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and remained in the Army until the end of the war, leaving as a captain. Included are several photos of Goldsmith in uniform, two journals he kept during the war, and thirteen intricate manuscript troop position sketches that Goldsmith made as a scout during the war. There is equally rich material from his life after the war, as he settles in Quakertown, Pennsylvania, opens "Goldsmith's Jewelers," and starts a family. Included are numerous photos of his wife and children, the jewelry shop, extended family and friends, as well as a number of legal documents, such as deeds, mortgage certificates, and bonds related to family land and business transactions. Goldsmith continued to draw, including sketches of the home he had built in Quakertown (along with some receipts from the builder he retained), and diagrams of watch and clock mechanisms. Goldsmith's obituary in the QUAKERTOWN TIMES (August 31, 1899) notes that he "participated in 2nd Bull Run, Manassas, Frederick City, Monocacy, Winchester, and many other battles, cavalry charges and skirmishes. He was a noted scout, and accomplished many deeds of daring." His surviving scout drawings are remarkable, and truly the most intriguing part of this collection. Included is an article about Goldsmith's drawings, entitled "Anton Goldsmith: Civil War Scout," excised from the BUCKS COUNTY TRAVELER magazine (June 1955): "The scout was provided with small lead stamps, one to print infantry and the other for mounted troops. These were impressed with brown or black ink to indicate friendly or enemy battle order....Goldsmith apparently found the stamping operation too mechanical, for several of the figures are free-hand drawings...he took time to add details to trees, rock walls and the line of the horizon...[the drawings] are so accurate that they can be used today to locate roads and topographic outlines." The manuscript views included in this collections span three years and are all annotated by Goldsmith. There are two views of Manassas, the first labeled "1st Experience, near Manassas, 1862," and the second simply, "Manassas 1862." There are four renderings of the Battle of Winchester, all from 1863: "1st Day - Strasbourg & Winchester Pike, "Winchester, June 15, 1863 - 3rd Day," "Winchester - 3rd Day," and "Winchester, 1863." There are also views titled, "Near Frederick City MD July 9/64," "Near Stephenson's Station" (no date), and a watercolor-enhanced drawing of camp at "Charlestown WVa 1864." Also included in this collection are two small journals Goldsmith kept during the war. The first is a pocket notebook, and it appears as though he initially intended to use it as a diary, but then stopped (or perhaps switched to a different book). He writes about his 1864 enlistment, when he joined the cavalry, and then discusses duties while stationed in Bolivar, Virginia, and their transfer to Charles Town, West Virginia. The rest of the volume includes lists of equipment and their values, and what appear to be the names of soldiers in his unit. His hand is usually clear, however, he sometimes reverts to Kurrentschrift, a form of traditional German handwriting that is difficult even for modern Germans to read. Laid in is a list of different nationalities represented in Goldsmith's unit, including Swedish, English, Irish, German, "Slavish," and "(Romano) maybe Bulgarian." The second journal serves much the same purpose, but has more definitive lists of soldiers in his unit, as well as lists of those who have deserted, and those missing or killed in action. Goldsmith's first term of service was only three months, and his first discharge certificate is included here. He re-enlisted in Co. A, 113th Reg., 12th Pennsylvania Cavalry in November 1861, and served a three- year term with several promotions. He was discharged again in 1864 to be re-enlisted as first lieutenant and later captain (a manuscript copy of his captain's commission is included), commanding Co. A until his final discharge on July 20, 1865. There is not extensive paperwork from Goldsmith's military service, aside from the items mentioned above and a few other administrative documents. There is a small file of correspondence, affidavits, and related material concerning Goldsmith's application for a pension due to wounds received during the war, chiefly a kick from a horse that partially disabled him. The pension was approved after his death and the certificate notes his widow, Mary, as the beneficiary. Goldsmith's jewelry and clock/watch repair store seems to have been quite successful, and continued on under the management of his children and grandchildren. There are two shop ledgers included from Goldsmith's lifetime: the first covering the years 1872- 85, the second partially completed and covering the years 1886-1914. The third ledger is titled "Record of Watches Sold," and covers the years 1899-1902; and the fourth, "Clock Repair Record," covers 1900- 06. There is also a small notepad with "A. Goldsmith" in gilt on the front cover, in which Goldsmith has figured costs for various clock and watch repairs, figured rent and tax payments, and noted train timetables. Family life is well-documented, likely by Goldsmith's son and successor, William, who seems to have been an avid photographer, testified to by a small, pocket-sized notebook in which William has recorded his photography work, together with photography and camera manuals. Several items from William's childhood are also included, notably a childhood doll, a manuscript remembrance book from when he was about ten years old, and many photographs. William was very active in the local Sons of Veteran camp, which with his help was renamed "Capt. Anthony Goldsmith Camp" in honor of Goldsmith. Finally, there is a wide assortment of ephemera, as well as a few short letters and notes from Goldsmith and his family, with several small files of family history compiled by later generations. There are even a few photos from Goldsmith's native Germany, including the house in which he was born, and a bird's eye view of his home town. A rich resource documenting the life and family of a German immigrant, war hero, and prosperous businessman.

Price: $6,500.00

Large Archive of a German Immigrant Scout in the Civil War, and His Life After