Washington, D.C. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1944. 19,pp. Original printed wrappers, stapled. Tear in upper outer corner of front wrapper (with no loss of text). Tiny abrasion to first text leaf, minor foxing. Very good, with contemporary ink ownership signature reading, "Crawford" on front wrapper. Item #WRCAM56056
A scarce pamphlet issued by the United States War Department during World War II, designed to provide American military officers with guidelines and assistance for managing African-American servicemen. This was "War Department Pamphlet No. 20-6." A notice on the front wrapper informs the recipient of the pamphlet that the information within is "RESTRICTED." The Introduction states that "Colored Americans, like all other Americans, have the right and responsibility to serve their country to the very best of their individual abilities" but that "the Negro in the Army has special problems" such as historically-inferior education, work experience, and their "role in the life of the Nation has been limited." As such, the present pamphlet offers background, special advice, and guidelines on the training and discipline of African-American troops. Sections include "Problems of Vocabulary," "Special Training Units," "Conflicts of Negro Attitudes," "Negro Soldiers are Americans," "Causes of Resentment," "Negro Attitudes Toward Racial Theories," "Facilities for Negro and White Soldiers," "Attitudes Toward Bus Service," "Police Problems," and "Community Relations and the Press." The last page contains a fifteen-item "Check List" of questions for officers to help them better manage African-American soldiers. The questions range from, "Have I made due allowances for any lack of educational opportunity in my men?" to "Have I used words and phrases that my men cannot fully comprehend?" and "Have I protected the rights of my men in their relations with other troops and with the public?" OCLC records eighteen copies in institutions. OCLC 430110, 166592204.