[Jacksonville, Fl. 1936]. Handbill, 9 x 6 inches. Three small chips at top and right margins (no text affected). Tanned. Good. Item #WRCAM55940
Handbill issued by Jacksonville's Negro Civic League, almost certainly referring to the Florida gubernatorial election of 1936. The Negro Civic League was founded in Jacksonville in late February, 1936, with Arthur Reynolds as its president. Reynolds is listed as president of the organization on this handbill, with Bessie Robinson as secretary. In the 1930s, Duval County (with Jacksonville as the county seat) had the largest percentage of African-American registered voters in Florida. The text states: "You have been sold again and this time by your own Leaders. If you want the truth as to what you are worth, and who sold you Out, attend the Mass Meeting at the Odd Fellows Hall, Odessa & Florida Ave. Thurs. June 11, 8p.m. Karl Westphall & Harry Courtney will speak." The specific grievances of the Negro Civil League are not noted in the brief text, nor is a specific date given. But in 1936 June 11 fell on a Thursday, and the gubernatorial primary was on June 2. The Democratic primary for governor that year pitted a New Deal-style reform minded judge against a Jacksonville banker; it went to a runoff election and the banker won. Elston E. Roady, "The Expansion of Negro Suffrage in Florida" in JOURNAL OF NEGRO EDUCATION, vol. 26, no. 3 (Summer, 1957), pp.297-306.