Villa de Agualez, Mx. May 26, 1828. p. In Spanish. Folio. Old folds, light toning. Very good. Item #WRCAM55786
A rare manuscript brand list from Coahuila y Tejas created during the first decade of Mexican independence. The listing comes from the village of Villa de Agualez, just across the Rio Grande from present-day Texas. The manuscript list includes drawings of ten brands with information on the horses and livestock held at the public corral, with written descriptions accompanying the illustrations of the brands. During this period, it was a common practice to herd stray horses and cattle to a common pen, then advertise them for recovery by their rightful owners. The practice officially became law in Coahuila y Tejas in 1835, at the eve of the Texas Revolution. The list is titled in manuscript, "PLANILLA SACADA DEL LIBRO DE BARRANQUENOS SE HA GEVADO ENCETE ANO DE 1828. CON ARRYO LO AL N. 138 DE ABRIL DE 1827.... EL REGIDOR TUER DE CAMPO DE LA VILLA DE AGUALEZ. MANIFIESTA A TODOS LOS AYUNTAMIENTOS CON LOS ANIMALES EN EL LA MISMA SE EXPRESAN, CON ARREGLO AL SITADO Y SON LOS SIGUIENTOS." This manuscript title translates roughly to "From the list removed from the book of Barranquenos written from the year 1828 with those of N. 138 from April 1827 then in the field of the Villa Agualez. Manifest to all the city councils with the animals as expressed here, with arrangement to their location as follows." It is signed at the end, "Teran Antonio Vela," likely a local rancher or government official. This brand list dates almost twenty years earlier than a similar listing from Yerba Buena [i.e. San Francisco], in Mexican California previously offered by this firm, which had been the earliest Trans-Mississippi brand record we had encountered. OCLC lists just one holding for manuscript cattle brands during this period, in a registry held at Princeton emanating from Galeana, Mexico from 1826 to 1837.