Boston: Haytian Bureau of Emigration, 1861. 180,12pp. plus frontispiece portrait and colored folding map. 12mo. Original brown pebbled cloth, stamped in blind and gilt, spine gilt. Boards stained, soiled, and lightly worn, corners bumped. Moderate tanning throughout, uneven toning to upper margin of some leaves, occasional minor foxing, old tideline in frontispiece. Short, closed tear to folding map at binding stub, extending about three inches into the image area, and small separations at a few crossfolds. Good overall. Item #WRCAM55514
Third edition, designated "tenth thousand" on the titlepage, first published in 1860. This is the so-called "Geffrard edition," featuring a frontispiece portrait of the general who had recently become the leader of Haiti, and with Geffrard's "Invitation" to American blacks to emigrate to Haiti replacing Redpath's "Notice" in the second edition. James Redpath is best known for his aggressive abolitionist views, and as co- author, with Richard Hinton, of an important handbook to Kansas Territory and the Rocky Mountain gold region, issued in 1859. In 1860, Redpath was appointed the official Haitian lobbyist for diplomatic recognition of the new Republic, led by Gen. Fabre Geffrard. Redpath also served as director of Haiti's campaign to attract black emigrants from the United States and Canada. It was hoped that the selective emigration of skilled African Americans to Haiti would elevate conditions on the island, and weaken slavery and racial prejudice in the U.S. The Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation, however, dampened the enthusiasm for emigration among American blacks, who hoped for freedom and expanded rights in the United States. The text gives a history and description of Haiti, followed by its constitution, laws relating to emigration, descriptions of available lands, and a brief section on "how to go, and what to take to Hayti," all providing a wealth of information for prospective emigrants. The essays collected by Redpath provide a detailed view of Haiti at an important moment in its history, when Geffrard was instituting a series of governmental, economic, agricultural, and education reforms. The final essay is Redpath's own "Parting Word" addressed "to the Blacks and Men of Color in America," in which he asserts that the future of Africans in the United States is "annihilation," and that the only way to save their race is to leave the United States, ideally for settlement in Haiti: "Pride of race, self- respect, social ambition, parental love, the madness of the South, and the meanness of the North, the inhumanity of the Union, and the inclemency of Canada, - all say to the Black and the man of color, Seek elsewhere a home and a nationality." That place, Redpath argued, could and should be Haiti. This third edition also features a much superior map to that in the previous two editions. Produced by the Colton firm of New York, it shows the Republic of Haiti in the west and the eastern "Spanish part" of the island, all handsomely rendered and with great detail. The publication history of this work is interesting. It was originally issued in 1860 by the Boston publishers, Thayer & Eldridge, who proceeded to go bankrupt just after it was published. Redpath then published subsequent editions under his own Haytian Bureau of Emigration imprint, as here. LIBRARY COMPANY, AFRO-AMERICANA 8707. BISSAINTHE 7646. CUNDALL 490. SABIN 68525. John McKivigan, FORGOTTEN FIREBRAND: JAMES REDPATH AND THE MAKING OF NINETEENTH-CENTURY AMERICA (Ithaca, 2008), pp.61-83.