[Various places, including Ohio, Kentucky, and Georgia, but mostly Tennessee. mostly 1861-1864]. Five cloth-bound manuscript ledgers, two printed books, and over 100 documents, letters, and related forms, either wholly manuscript, printed, or partially-printed. Some soiling and staining to bound volumes, some bindings partially perished. Typical folds, some edge wear and soiling to documents. Overall, fair to very good condition. Item #WRCAM54525
A valuable collection of ledger books and documents recording the Civil War service of Company H of the 40th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. This archive contains five manuscript ledger books, two printed volumes, and more than 100 documents and letters relating to the unit. The 40th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp Chase, Oh. in December 1861. They saw action at Chickamauga, the Siege of Chattanooga, Lookout Mountain, the Siege of Atlanta, and the Battle of Franklin. While some of the regiment was mustered out in October 1864, the remainder was mustered out in Nashville in December 1864, with the exception of veterans who were consolidated with the 51st Ohio Infantry. These materials were preserved by 1st Lieutenant George Day Stone, whose reports and letters can be found in this archive. Lieut. Stone served in Company H of the 40th Volunteer Infantry from Oct. 9, 1861 until Dec. 6, 1864. He enlisted as a 2nd Lieutenant and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on April 25, 1862. He served under two company captains - William Cunningham through 1862 (and whose account book is present here), and John C. Meagher, who is referenced throughout the archive. The 40th Ohio regiment lost over 200 men during service, with six officers and ninety-six enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and one officer and 134 enlisted men who died of disease. A healthy number of these casualties are recorded here in the Company H ledger books. The bound volumes chronicle important service details, and include: 1) Folio account book of Captain William Cunningham of the 40th Regiment Ohio Infantry, pp., September 1861 to August 1862. The ledger records pertinent details regarding moneys issued to various members of Company H throughout the first years of the war. 2) Folio ledger book, pp., listing commissioned and non- commissioned officers, along with a one-page detailed listing of thirty soldiers killed, and a descriptive roll of the company withn detailed remarks on desertions, mustering in and out, soldiers taken prisoner, and more. 3) Folio ledger book with pp. of furlough lists, descriptive roll notes, and manuscript general orders. 4) Folio volume of Morning Reports, pp., dated November 1861 to October 1864, listing number of troops with about twenty full reports and a dozen pages of remarks. 5) Oblong folio ledger book, 190pp., dated 1862-1864, recording soldier pay and supplies for Company H, with notes. 6) INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAKING QUARTERLY RETURNS OF ORDNANCE AND ORDNANCE STORES. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1863. 140pp. Publisher's pebbled cloth, gilt. Capt. Meagher's copy, with his ownership signature on the front endpapers. 7) A volume of printed General Orders, dated 1863-1864, variously paginated but approximately 150 pp., reporting rolls of officers and men assigned to various units, including those judged unfit for duty or removed to invalid units. A sampling of the loose letters and documents is as follows: 1) Lieutenant Stone's report, Nov. 15, 1863, detailing the capture of John Meagher at Chickamauga, and stating that he "was placed in command of said company." Stone then relates the inventory of supplies he found among the remaining men in the company. 2) Two letters addressed to Brigadier General Montgomery C. Meigs, one dated June 4, 1864, and one Sept. 13, 1865, being letters of transmittal of men and materials. 3) Letter dated Dec. 5, 1864 reporting on David Holmes, a private who was "captured and taken prisoner by the enemy while in the line of Duty on or about the 22nd day of September 1864." 4) Several partially-printed "Quarterly Returns of Deceased Soldiers" from 1864, completed in manuscript. 5) Manuscript report from Sept. 25, 1863, pp., reporting on soldiers taken prisoner and supplies lost to the enemy at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, Tn. The report reads, in part: "I certify...at Chickamauga...The Regt. to which my company belongs was directed to advance under the fire of the enemy to take a certain position; in so doing, one private was killed, two severely wounded & two taken prisoner." The report then lists the material lost to the Confederates, and a similar report follows, detailing prisoners taken and material lost at Missionary Ridge. 6) Two manuscript field orders from the Army of Kentucky, dated in the Spring of 1863. The first, dated March 20, gives directions on uniform regulations, and then instructs officers and soldiers "now quartered at dwelling houses will at once remove to their tents or such hospital as the Regimental Surgeon or Medical Director shall direct." The second field order instructs all soldiers to carry "forty rounds of cartridge in their cartridge boxes." 7) Commissioned officer list for Company H from October 1863, listing thirty-two officers, including Stone, a sergeant, a corporal, the wagoner, and twenty-eight privates, along with detailed remarks on recent movements of everyone but Stone. Most of the privates are listed as either absent ot sick. 8) Commissioned officer list for Company H from December 1863, listing thirty-eight officers taken prisoner by the Confederates at the Battle of Chickamauga on Sept. 21, 1863, including the aforementioned Captain Meagher and David Holmes. 9) Various blank report forms, including morning reports, inspection reports, receipts for ordnance, volunteer descriptive lists, and more. An important collection from the 40th Regiment Ohio Infantry, providing insight into the various day-to-day activities, experiences, and duties of the unit during its Civil War service.