Hilton Head, S.C. May 31, June 6, and June 16, 1865. ,,pp. Each disbound from a larger volume, with two stabholes along the left margin. Overall, very good. Item #WRCAM54000
A fascinating trio of printed general orders and circulars issued from Hilton Head by the Union Army's Department of the South in the two months after Lee's surrender. The three publications include a total of six general orders and a circular. Each touches upon a subject related to the end of war, and the various issues that must be dealt with to ensure peace and settle military enrollment and business matters. The three important works here include: 1) "Headquarters Department of the South, Hilton Head, S. C., May 31, 1865." General Orders No. 80, May 11, 1865, and General Orders No. 90, May 11, 1865. The latter reads, in part: "Punishment of Guerrillas. All the forces of the enemy, east of the Mississippi river, having been duly surrendered...under agreements of parole and disbandment...it is Ordered that from and after the first day of June, 1865, any and all persons found in arms against the United States, or who may commit acts of hostility against it...will be regarded as guerrillas and punished with death...." 2) "Headquarters Department of the South, Hilton Head, S. C., June 6, 1865." General Orders No. 83, signed in type by Secretary of State William H. Seward, May 29, 1865. Also signed in ink by acting Assistant Adjutant General T.D. Hodges. The order reads, in part: "A copy of the President's Amnesty Proclamation...is herewith appended...so as to insure its benefits to the people and guard the Government against fraud.... [T]he oath prescribed in the proclamation may be taken and subscribed before any commissioned officer, civil, military or naval, in the service of the United States... All who receive such oaths are hereby authorized to give certified copies...to this department, where they will be deposited and remain in the archives of the Government...." 3) "Headquarters Department of the South, Hilton Head, S. C., June 16, 1865." General Orders No. 94, May 29, 1865; Circular No. 23, June 5, 1865; General Orders No. 100, May 28, 1865; General Orders No. 101, May 30, 1865 and June 10, 1865. General Orders No. 94 includes a telegram concerning returned P.O.W.s. It reads, in part: "The Secretary of War directs that returned Prisoners of War (enlisted men) who have endured the hardships of Andersonville, Florence, Salisbury, and other rebel prisons, be mustered out as soon as possible, and allowed three months extra pay...." General Orders No. 100 reads, in part: "Commanding officers of regiments will, at once, muster for commutation of rations all men of their respective commands who have been prisoners of war, and have not been mustered for or paid commutation of rations for the time they were in the rebel hands." The final order allows for soldiers to buy their "arms and accoutrements" from the Ordnance Department. An interesting assortment of documents dealing with immediate-post- Civil-War issues.