Spain. Nov. 6, 1789. pp. In Spanish. Folio. Contemporary vellum, pigskin loop closures. Minor soiling to binding. A few small tears, minor scattered soiling. Written in a neat and legible humanist-style hand. Bookplate of Dr. Don Vicente Bas de Tejada on final leaf. Very good. Item #WRCAM49391
A manuscript report addressed to King Charles IV of Spain from his chief minister, detailing the state of Spanish affairs, including involvement in the Americas. An impressive report, providing unique insight into Spanish, European, and world history. The Count of Floridablanca served as the reformist chief minister to both Charles III and IV, and is now regarded as one of Spain's most effective statesmen. He undertook a complete reform of the government, revamped the educational system after successfully lobbying the Pope's support to expel the Jesuits from Spain, established commercial freedom in the American Colonies, and deftly maneuvered Spain's involvement in both the American Revolution and the French Revolution. The report details, among numerous other topics, the negotiations between Portugal and Spain relating to the boundaries in the New World (including the United States, Brazil, Paraguay, Mexico, Africa, and Asia). The report documents the treaty of 1777, which redistributed land between Spain and Portugal, including the return of la Colonia de Sacramento to Spain. It likewise enumerates the successful achievements of the junta of state formed in 1787. It also discusses the intervention of various European courts, including those of France and England; and an extensive discussion of the American Revolution, the support of the "insurgents" by the French in 1778, including the Franco-American Alliance, and the position of several European courts related to the American independence, describing in great detail the events and names of people involved. The report was clearly of extreme secrecy, only one known copy was made: "...executado muy reservadamente y a puerta cerrada" [executed very discreetly and behind closed doors] and sent to Pedro Rodrigues, the Conde de Campomanes (1723- 1802), who was serving as the president of the council of Castile at the time. A highly significant manuscript.