[N.p., but possibly Massachusetts. N.d., but ca. 1810-1820]. Broadside, 7 3/4 x 8 1/4 inches. Old folds. Separated at center fold, minor soiling. Contemporary manuscript notations. Else about very good. Item #WRCAM43065
A recipe for removing the grease or lanolin from wool, with contemporary notations amending the recipe. The recipe reads, in part:
"Seventy gallons [amended to 45 in manuscript] rain water or spring water; eight gallons urine; six pounds pearl ash; from three to four pounds of Epsom or Glauber salts. Stir and dissolve them over a fire - and heat to 120 degrees of Farenheit [sic] scale; put then into this mixture 20 pounds wool or cloth, and let it lay twenty minutes at most, then take it out and rinse in fresh running water. If Spanish wool or tub wool requires recleansing, mix a gill of sperm oil, grease, or fat of any kind, with the pearl ash, in a gallon of boiling water before putting the pearl ash into the mixture."
A manuscript notation at the bottom of the broadside reads: "A.S.K. McCallum / agt. for the patents of / John Goulding." Goulding was a Massachusetts inventor and mill owner who revolutionized the wool industry with his condenser in 1826. Combining several machines, Goulding was able to create a single machine that produced a single roll of batting, ready for spinning, rather than multiple smaller battings that had to be pieced together. This revolutionized the wool industry, presaging the Industrial Revolution in America.