[Philadelphia. 1775]. pp. on bifolium sheet. Folio. Very minor soiling and chipping at edges. Fine. Item #WRCAM40501
Printed in Philadelphia on the day of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, opening the American Revolution, by the man who would print the Declaration of Independence the next year. This supplement to the PACKET contains the transcript of a speech by George Johnstone (1730-1787), onetime governor of British West Florida and friend of America, in the House of Commons. Johnstone's speech, delivered on the occasion of the motion declaring the colony of Massachusetts to be in rebellion, cautions Parliament not to single out the colony of Massachusetts Bay but to seek conciliatory measures. This speech, made in late January 1775, was also published as a pamphlet in London the following month, along with two letters by "Junius." Johnstone's speech is followed by a speech made in the House of Lords by the Earl of Chatham, who presents his address "to his Majesty, and most humbly to advise, and beseech him, that in order to open a way towards a happy settlement of the dangerous troubles in America, by beginning to allay ferments and soften animosities there; and above all, for preventing in the mean time, any sudden and fatal catastrophe at Boston, now suffering under the daily irritation of an army before their eyes, and posted in their town." The speech of Chatham also saw pamphlet form in England and America, the latter in four different editions. A dramatic publication on a dramatic date. Brigham, AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS, p.942 (ref).