London: Printed and Sold by Tho: Bowles next ye Chapter House in St. Pauls Church-yard, John Bowles, at the Black Horse in Cornhill and by I. King at ye Globe in ye Poultrey [sic] near Stocks Market, 1715 [but ca. 1730]. Copper-engraved map, with period outline hand-coloring, on two joined sheets. Overall size of joined sheets: 41 1/4 x 25 inches. Very good. Item #WRCAM40447B
The famous Beaver map: Stevens and Tree's third state (of five), the first to show the inset of Carolina divided into counties and with named parishes. "One of the first and most important cartographic documents relating to the ongoing dispute between France and Great Britain over boundaries separating their respective American colonies....The map was the primary exponent of the British position during the period immediately following the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713" - DEGREES OF LATITUDE. The British colonies according to British claims are outlined in alternating red and yellow, with the French outlined in blue. All territory south of the St. Lawrence River and eastern Great Lakes is shown as British. Numerous notations relating to territorial claims, Indian tribes, the fur trade, and the condition of the land cover the face of the map. This map shows the early eighteenth century postal routes in the British colonies, and is frequently called the first American postal map. There are four insets, including a large map of Carolina and a plan of Charleston. On this issue, the former shows numerous additions, with Carolina divided into counties and with parishes named for the first time. At lower left is a map of Florida and the Deep South, which is based on a map by Thomas Nairne, the Indian agent for South Carolina. A printed inscription on this inset relating to the Cherokees states: "one of ye kings of this Nation was in England in 1730." The most striking feature of the map is the large vignette which gives the map its popular name. It consists of an early view of Niagara Falls, with a colony of beavers at work in the foreground. Pritchard holds that the beaver "was an appropriate image for the North American map for two reasons: the animal's importance to the fur trade, and its industrious nature." CUMMING, BRITISH MAPS, pp.6-12. CUMMING, SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS 158. DEGREES OF LATITUDE 19 (state 4). Reinhartz, HERMAN MOLL GEOGRAPHER, pp.18-36. SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, pp.138, 144. STEVENS & TREE, COMPARATIVE CARTOGRAPHY 55(c).