Havana: Imprenta y papelería de Barcina, 1852. 332,pp. plus lithographic frontispiece, twenty engraved plates, and numerous in-text woodcuts. In Spanish. Modern half morocco and marbled boards. Scattered foxing; occasional contemporary ink and pencil graffiti and notes on plates and text leaves. Overall very good. Item #WRCAM39236
One of the most important works of costumbrismo in Latin America, and the first collection of its kind in Cuba, with contributions from several notable Cuban writers, and illustrated by Victor Patricio de Landaluze. In the early 1800s a large number of authors and artists in Spain participated in the costumbrismo movement, an important precursor to later 19th-century realism that generally involved written or pictorial sketches of a particular country's or region's social "types," customs, and manners. By 1830 the movement had spread to Cuba, among both native authors and Spanish artists traveling abroad. In the latter category was Victor Patricio de Landaluze (1828-89), the illustrator of the present volume, who eventually settled in Cuba and founded the satirical newspaper, DON JUNÍPERO. LOS CUBANOS PINTADOS... features twenty of Landaluze's illustrations of Cuban types ("La coqueta," "El tabaquero," "El litigante," etc.), engraved on plates by Jose Robles, and includes numerous in-text woodcut illustrations by Robles. The chalk-style lithographic frontispiece view, presumably by Landaluze, depicts a crowd viewing "TIPOS CUBANOS" in a peepshow box at an outdoor gathering. A total of thirty-eight types are described in the volume, often in a combination of prose, dialogue, and verse, by a variety of Cuban costumbre writers, most notably José Victoriano Betancourt, Manuel Costales, Manuel Zequeira, and José María de Cárdenas y Rodriguez. In her "Survey of Cuban Costumbrismo," Roberta Day Corbitt discusses Cárdenas at length, noting the "humorous irony of Cervantes" in his costumbre satire. Corbitt also cites Cuban biographer Francisco Calcagno, who states that between Cárdenas and writer Anselmo Suárez, "the two have made the most complete and finished picture of the physical and moral condition of a country which was ever traced by the pen of any writer" (Corbitt, p.43). A significant and surprisingly rare volume, with no copies listed on OCLC. Dawn Ades, ART IN LATIN AMERICA: THE MODERN ERA 1820-1980 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989), pp.85, 348. Roberta Day Corbitt, "A Survey of Cuban Costumbrismo" in HISPANIA, Vol. 33, No. 1 (February 1950), pp.41-45.