Paris: Chez Francois Fourneir, Avec Privilege de sa Majeste, 1713. Four items bound in one volume. 117,; 80; 43,; 23pp. Quarto. Modern half red morocco and marbled boards, spine gilt. Contemporary ink number in upper outer corner of each titlepage. Near fine. Item #WRCAM38906
The growing power of France and its attempt to install a Bourbon on the Spanish throne in 1700 led to a general European war from 1702 to 1712, with widespread repercussions in the American colonies. Known in Europe as the War of the Spanish Succession, it was called Queen Anne's War in America. During its course, the French and Indians launched bloody raids on British frontier settlements, and the British seized parts of Canada. The war went badly for the French and Spanish and well for the British, who were thus able to gain favorable terms. A group of treaties grew out of this settlement, which did much to determine European and American circumstances in the early 18th century. The present volume collects the official French printing of four of the treaties signed by France: those with Great Britain, the Estates General (the Netherlands), the Kingdom of Savoy, and Prussia. France actually signed two treaties with Great Britain, a treaty of navigation and commerce, and a general peace treaty. France returned Hudson Bay to the British and gave up Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, as well as St. Kitts in the Caribbean, and acknowledged England's sovereignty over the Iroquois. The French received fishing rights off the coast of Newfoundland, and both countries agreed to extend most-favored nation trade status to the other. France was also able to keep its position in Acadia and at Louisborg, which proved very troublesome to the British in later wars. One of the supplementary articles at the conclusion addresses the tobacco trade. This printing of the French-British treaty is not in TPL, which records two other printings in Latin, French, and English. Not in EUROPEAN AMERICANA or Arents. The printings of the French treaties with the other three powers are quite scarce. The Dutch gained little from the French, although the general weakening of Spain greatly strengthened their position in world trade. Savoy gained territory as well, including Sicily. An important group of treaties with great American significance. DAVENPORT 100, 101. SABIN 96539.