[Washington. 1808]. 19pp. Printed self-wrappers, stitched. Lower quarter of most leaves lightly soiled and dampstained, else very good. Item #WRCAM38808
Rare Senate draft printing of the 1807 Embargo Act and the subsequent acts of 1808 relating to it. After the passage of the first embargo act in December 1807, it was quickly discovered that the requirement for American trading vessels to post bonds guaranteeing they would not sail to foreign ports did not technically extend to coasting vessels and fishing and whaling boats. The act passed in January 1808 closed the loophole and further tightened restrictions for all American ship owners. By March, major protests and open flouting of the embargo laws along the New England coast and the Canadian border led to a third embargo act, completely prohibiting the export of any goods, by land or sea, and subjecting offenders to a $10,000 fine. Continued violations led to the "Enforcement Act" in April, which allowed authorities, among other powers, to seize cargoes without warrants and to detain ships "whenever in their opinions, the intention is violate or evade...the embargo, until the decision of the President of the United States be had thereupon." The April act also infamously gave the President the power to use both the Army and the Navy to enforce the embargo, leading many of its last defenders finally to abandon its cause. The present pamphlet includes all four acts mentioned together with an act signed into law April 22 that allowed for the President to suspend the embargo in the event of peace or suspension of hostilities between the warring powers in Europe. Shaw & Shoemaker and OCLC together locate four copies, at the University of Connecticut, the Naval Academy, the New York Public Library, and the Library of Congress. SABIN 39434 (possibly the Sabin entry unclear). SHAW & SHOEMAKER 16400.