TO THE HONORABLE THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES, IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED: THE MEMORIAL AND PETITION OF THE UNDERSIGNED CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, RESPECTFULLY SHEWETH... [caption title].

[Baltimore. 1827]. [3]pp. Folio. Folded sheet. One vertical and three horizontal folds. Old purple stain in upper portion and along center fold and lower edge. A few small closed splits at folds. Fair. Item #WRCAM38112

An interesting and rare printed circular letter, made for distribution to members of Congress, regarding various claims on the United States government. The present memorial relates to claims against the Spanish government for injuries to American commerce caused by ships residing in Spanish ports. The claims are based on various articles from Pinckney's Treaty of 1795 and the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819. James Causten seems to have been an early, perhaps the first, Washington lobbyist, representing individuals, insurance companies, and the like, and often filing claims for relief for clients arising out of treaties between the United States and Spain or France. Causten was described by at least one group of insurance executives as "a Gentleman in our opinion peculiarly qualified for the task," and apparently had direct personal access to senators, congressmen, and even the President. Such ephemeral evidence of lobbying activities is quite rare. OCLC locates only one copy, at the University of Virginia, though we know of another copy, at Louisiana State University. OCLC 34567644.

Price: $400.00