Paris: Par Sebastien Mabre-Cramoisy, 1681. 4pp. Quarto, on a folded folio sheet. Very minor soiling. Contemporary inscription. Fine. Item #WRCAM26669
An early French decree relating to America, of particular importance for the French West Indies. An ongoing problem of the sugar colonies in the West Indies was feeding the slave work force. Throughout the era of slavery, food was imported from Europe and North America, as it was cheaper and easier than using labor on the spot to raise it. This act exempts from warehousing charges Irish and other beef and all items required for sugar refinery destined for exportation to America. A variant of Wroth 125, which was printed thirty years later. OCLC locates only one copy, at NYPL. From the library of Cardinal Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne (1727-94), Minister of Louis XVI, Archbishop of Toulouse and of Sens. A friend of Voltaire and a member of the Académie Française, Brienne wielded significant power as head of the Finance Ministry, which earned him many enemies. He died in prison during the French Revolution, despite having renounced Catholicism in 1793 (presumably as an attempt to save his life). WROTH, ACTS OF FRENCH ROYAL ADMINISTRATION 125 (ref). MAGGS, FRENCH COLONISATION OF AMERICA 22. OCLC 42747429.