London. 1783. 14pp. Quarto. Antique half calf and marbled boards. Some minimal old ink underscoring, else a near fine copy, untrimmed. Item #WRCAM20840
The first British publication of the terms of peace agreed upon between France and England after the American Revolution. The French had hoped to obtain more from England in the final peace settlement, but De Grasse's catastrophic naval loss to Rodney in the Caribbean in 1782 weakened their position, and the American commissioners forced their hand by coming to their own accord with the British on Nov. 30, 1782. By this treaty the British cede Newfoundland fishing rights, return St. Lucia and Tobago to France, and France gives back Nevis, Grenada, St. Kitts, Montserrat and St. Vincent to the British, as well as territorial exchanges in India. This treaty was vital to the final resolution of the American Revolution, since the United States was pledged to move with France as an ally, and was not in a position to settle without her. The final treaties of all the warring powers were signed on Nov. 3, 1783. DAVENPORT 169. AMERICAN CONTROVERSY 83-45.