[Washington. 1867]. 10pp. Folio, stitched as issued. Minor tears to edges, not affecting the text. Mildly toned. Very good. Item #WRCAM11039A
Concluded June 9, 1863, ratification advised, April 17, 1867, proclaimed April 20, 1867. This is the treaty of Lapwai Valley. The Nez Perce "roamed between the Blue Mountains in Oregon and the Bitter Root Mountains in Idaho...but by treaty of 1855 they ceded a large part of this territory to the United States. The reservation in which they were confined...included the Wallowa valley in Oregon, as well as a large district in Idaho. With the discovery of gold and the consequent influx of miners and settlers the Oregon districts were in demand, and a new treaty was made by which the tribe was confined to the reservation of Lapwai, Idaho. The occupants of Wallowa valley refused to recognize the treaty, and finally, under then chief, Joseph, took active measures of resistance, and the Nez Perce War of 1877 resulted" - Hodge. This treaty was witnessed by Lawrence Kip, who wrote of the negotiations in his THE INDIAN COUNCIL IN THE VALLEY OF THE WALLA-WALLA. EBERSTADT INDIAN TREATIES 79. GOODSPEED 312:63.