Dayton, Oh. Gazette Print, October 29, 1852. Letterpress broadside, 12 3/4 x 8 3/4 inches, with ornamental border. Old folds, minor foxing, two ink spots in left margin. Very good. Item #WRCAM55573
A seemingly-unrecorded broadside detailing instructions on the planting, cultivating, culturing, pruning, gathering, and preserving of various fruit trees in Ohio in the middle of the 19th century. The nursery owners explain their reason for issuing the broadside: "Inasmuch as there are many persons though intelligent in other matters, who are altogether unacquainted with the cultivation of Fruit Trees, we the undersigned, deem it our duty to furnish all our patrons with printed instructions on the subject." The broadside was produced by Heiks & Company of Dayton, who provide guidance on proper procedures for care of apple trees, peaches, grapes, and strawberries, with brief mentions of gooseberries, raspberries, and currants. Whether this broadside was given out to customers along with their purchases, or posted at the Heiks & Company nursery is unknown, but likely the former. A taste of the instructions, regarding apple trees, reads: "Make your rows thirty-three feet apart, each way, dig holes fifteen inches deep and two feet square, fill the hole, before setting in the tree, within ten inches of the surface with rich loam, - set in your tree in an erect position and to support it drive in a stake and attach the tree to it with a band of straw or some soft material. The ground around the tree should be kept loose and free from grass. Cultivate the spaces between the trees in potatoes, turnips or like crops. Pruning should be done in the months of June and July, or September. Cutting large limbs injures the trees." Little is known of the issuing company, Heiks & Co., other than they were a nursery in Dayton (and possibly Troy) for some time into the 20th century. We can locate no other copies of the broadside in trade, auctions, or on OCLC. This is, perhaps, a unique surviving example.