Mexico: Imprenta de I. Cumplido, 1875. -168pp. Lacks the half title. Dbd. Minor even toning. Very good. Item #WRCAM55258
First, and presumably only Spanish-language edition, of a rare address by the governor of Texas, Richard Coke to the second session of the 14th Texas State Legislature in January 1875. Governor Coke addresses a myriad of issues of general state interest, such as geological survey work, public charities, General Land Office issues, public education, state finances, and more. He even touches on the recent "troubles in DeWitt County," involving the ongoing Sutton- Taylor feud, and asks for an additional $7,000 to finish building the Agricultural and Mechanical College (known today as Texas A&M University) so that the "first State institution of learning in Texas" could open the following fall (it finally opened in October of the following year). This Spanish translation of Coke's report also touches on several subjects of Mexican interest, which likely explains the existence of this Spanish-language translation, such as immigration, frontier defense, and an international railroad line to Mexico, which Coke argues immigration will help bring to fruition. Governor Coke exhorts the value of increased immigration to Texas in nine pages of text, touting a liberal policy for bringing immigrants into Texas and making the state "a power to be consulted in the Federal administration." The following passage must have been of keen interest to observers in Mexico [taken from the original English edition of Coke's message, a copy of which accompanies the present work]: "If as a measure of State policy, it is wise to use such means as are calculated to bring into Texas, and settle in her borders immigrants who will be citizens, who by their muscle, brain, enterprise and capital, will aid in building up the wealth, power, importance and influence of the State, and if the means provided for that purpose should bear some proportion to the object to be accomplished, then it does seem that no argument is necessary with those who know Texas and her needs, to demonstrate the expediency of a greatly more liberal appropriation." The Appendix includes additional messages, one sent to Governor Coke by George D. Williams in Washington, D.C., and a letter answering Williams by Governor Coke. These communications involve Coke's orders to Capt. Refugio Benavides to cross over the Rio Grande if he and his company found themselves "in close pursuit of Indians, marauders or cattle thieves for the purpose of recovering property taken by them from citizens of Texas." Officials in Washington worried that such actions threatened neutrality agreements with Mexico; Coke provides a lengthy justification of his actions, detailing in scathing language the depredations experienced by Texans along the southern border. "In 1874 [Benavides] raised a company of rangers at Laredo to combat the growing bandit and Kickapoo Indian threat on the border. When he was given authority to cross the Rio Grande into Mexico, if necessary, the Mexican government filed a formal protest with Washington. Although it remains unclear whether Benavides did cross into Mexico, the matter was never successfully resolved" - Handbook of Texas online. The present work concludes with a Message by Coke dated March 6, 1875, sent to the President of the Texas Senate, R.B. Hubbard, in which Coke vetoes an international bond bill. An exceedingly rare work, with much of interest in the omnipresent struggle along the Texas-Mexico border, especially with regard to immigration and trans-border violence. OCLC locates only a single copy, at the DeGolyer Library. OCLC 42321178.