[Springfield, Il. 1858]. 8pp., printed in double columns on two quarto leaves, one laid into the other. Outer leaf splitting along central vertical fold, small holes in inner margin where staples have been removed. Small hole in second column of first leaf (perhaps a paper flaw) costing a total of ten letters of text on the recto and verso. Light toning, minimal foxing. About very good overall. In a cloth chemise and blue half morocco and cloth slipcase, spine gilt. Item #WRCAM55250
The only separate printing of this important address given by Abraham Lincoln at Springfield, Illinois, as he ran for the United States Senate. Lincoln's speech, which preceded his famed debates with Stephen A. Douglas, puts forth the great themes that marked his political philosophy during the last decade of his life. Urging that slavery be placed on course for "ultimate extinction," he repeats his "House Divided" warning, first given at the State Republican Convention a month earlier. He insists that the Kansas-Nebraska bill was "the beginning of a conspiracy" to nationalize slavery. Attacking Douglas, and defending himself against the charge that he would "invite a war of sections," he stands on "the principles of our Declaration of Independence." Though blacks are not the equal of whites "in all respects," the Declaration "does mean to declare that all men are equal in some respects; they are equal in the right to 'life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.'" Most significantly Lincoln asserts that "In the right to put into his mouth the bread that his own hands have earned, he is the equal of every other man, white or black." A rare printing of Lincoln's monumental July 1858 Springfield speech. MONAGHAN 12. BYRD 2960.