[Various locations in Great Britain, but mostly London. 1810-1833]. Twenty titles bound in two volumes, paginations given below. Modern three-quarter calf and marbled boards, spines gilt, gilt morocco labels. Occasional foxing or tanning; a few titles with early ink manuscript notations. Very good. Item #WRCAM55221
A substantial collection of anti-slavery pamphlets belonging to, and with one written by Constantine Richard Moorsom, vice-admiral in the Royal Navy and later a noted abolitionist. Moorsom's signature or initials appear on the half-title or titlepage of all but three of the present pamphlets, and the last pamphlet is inscribed to Moorsom by the author; he also occasionally annotates or underlines the text. In addition, there are two contemporary newspaper clippings tipped in at the rear of the first volume - one with marginalia by Moorsom and one signed by him. The central concern of all of the pamphlets is British involvement in slavery, most especially in the Caribbean region. A good number of the pamphlets also focus on the economic and labor issues related to Caribbean planting practices, namely the sugar trade, with numerous arguments in favor of free labor over slave labor. All of the pamphlets were published in the lead-up to the abolition of slavery in the British colonies, which was achieved in 1833 with the passage of the Slavery Abolition Act. The Act freed more than 800,000 slaves in the Caribbean, South Africa, and Canada. The pamphlets present here are as follows, in bound order: First volume: 1) Pitt, William: THE SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HON. WILLIAM PITT, IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, ON THE 2d OF April, 1792, ON THE SUBJECT OF THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. Newcastle. 1824. ,35,pp. Later edition of a work first printed in London in 1792. "The debate of this date was one of the most important in the history of the anti-slavery struggle. It resulted in a victory for the colonial party, the latter securing a pledge from the House to support gradual rather than immediate abolition, as Wilberforce had desired" - Ragatz. Pitt supported Wilberforce, and delivered this speech which reads, in part: "I shall...oppose to the utmost every proposition which in any way may tend either to prevent, or even to postpone for an hour, the total abolition of the slave trade...." GOLDSMITHS 24332. RAGATZ, p.539 (ref). 2) ABSTRACT OF THE ACTS OF PARLIAMENT FOR ABOLISHING THE SLAVE TRADE, AND OF THE ORDERS IN COUNCIL FOUNDED ON THEM. London. 1810. 43pp. Printed for the African Institution in London, this work contains summaries of the Parliamentary acts relating to the African slave trade, specifically those printed in 1806 and 1807, and the "Orders in Council of the 16th of March, 1808," which instructed British Customs Collectors to "receive, protect, and provide for, all such Negroes, natives of Africa, as have been or shall be condemned, either as prize of war or forfeiture to the Crown." GOLDSMITHS 20171. 3) A SHORT REVIEW OF THE SLAVE TRADE AND SLAVERY, WITH CONSIDERATIONS ON THE BENEFIT WHICH WOULD ARISE FROM CULTIVATING TROPICAL PRODUCTIONS BY FREE LABOUR. Birmingham. 1827. 129pp. "Emancipationist. Free labor was cheaper than slave labor. The slave system had been the cause of the exhaustion of the soil in the Caribbean since it did not allow rotation of crops. The inhabitants of Great Britain were the real upholders of slavery as they granted the planters a monopoly of the home market which alone enabled them to maintain their ruinous economic system" - Ragatz. RAGATZ, p.457. 4) Wilberforce, William: AN APPEAL TO THE RELIGION, JUSTICE, AND HUMANITY OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE, IN BEHALF OF THE NEGRO SLAVES IN THE WEST INDIES. London. 1823. 56pp. New edition. Wilberforce's APPEAL argued for total emancipation and resulted in the formation of the Anti-Slavery Society in the same year of publication. GOLDSMITHS 23972. KRESS 1172. RAGATZ, p.569. 5) A CALM INQUIRY INTO THE COUNTENANCE AFFORDED BY THE SCRIPTURES OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS, TO THE SYSTEM OF BRITISH COLONIAL SLAVERY. London. 1832. 27pp. Written by a "Christian Minister" (sometimes attributed to George Smith) and dedicated to James Cropper, the work is "devoted to an examination of the merits of Colonial Slavery in a scriptural point of view," according to the dedication. The text calls for slavery's "speedy annihilation," and that "every appeal to humanity and to Christian people must hasten the event." Rare, with only seven copies in OCLC. OCLC 81132275, 29130603. 6) Hankey, William Alers: A LETTER TO THOMAS WILSON...OCCASIONED BY THE "ANALYSIS" OF HIS EVIDENCE ON THE SUBJECT OF SLAVERY.... London. 1833. ,82pp. Half title. "Hankey, the proprietor of a Jamaican estate which he had never seen...advocated emancipation but held that slavery was a national rather than an individual crime and that the planters should be duly compensated for their property losses" - Ragatz. RAGATZ, p.509. 7) Hodgson, Adam: A LETTER TO M. JEAN- BAPTISTE SAY, ON THE COMPARATIVE EXPENSE OF FREE AND SLAVE LABOUR. Liverpool. 1823. ,58,pp. Second edition. Here, Hodgson reacts to French economist Jean-Baptiste Say, who had argued that while slavery was wrong, it was also the most profitable labor system known to man. Hodgson argues the greater value of free labor, citing various proponents from the West Indies and the United States, including Benjamin Franklin in his 1751 essay OBSERVATIONS CONCERNING THE INCREASE OF MANKIND. GOLDSMITHS 23959. KRESS 1077. RAGATZ, p.513. 8) Cropper, James: RELIEF FOR WEST-INDIAN DISTRESS, SHEWING THE INEFFICIENCY OF PROTECTING DUTIES ON EAST-INDIA SUGAR.... London. 1823. ,36pp. Half title. Cropper was a Quaker, and a noted East India trader and emancipationist from Liverpool. "Favors an equalization of duties on sugar from all countries, including Cuba and Brazil if they abandoned the slave trade, as well as the abolition of bounties and the granting of 6s. per hundredweight to the West India planters on all sugar imported from the Caribbean colonies, this to be divided annually among them in proportion to the number of slaves each had, and the admission of all sugars to be refined in bond" - Ragatz. SABIN 17620. KRESS 1047. RAGATZ, p.289. 9) [Liverpool Mercury]: LETTERS ON THE MEANS OF ABOLISHING SLAVERY IN THE WEST INDIES, AND IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE SLAVES.... London. 1827. ,70pp. Half title. A series of abolitionist letters "on the means of ameliorating, and ultimately abolishing West Indian Slavery" were first written to the Liverpool MERCURY. Exceedingly rare, with only three copies in OCLC. Not in Ragatz. OCLC 9658631. 10) Cropper, James: THE SUPPORT OF SLAVERY INVESTIGATED. Liverpool. 1824. ,27pp. Here, Cropper argues that slavery was an unfortunate and "wasteful labor system which could be supported only by virgin lands, monopoly prices, or fiscal advantage. In the case of the West Indies, bounties and protecting duties were its supports. If they were abolished, a free labor regime must ensue." GOLDSMITHS 24306. KRESS 1223. RAGATZ, p.494. Second volume: 11) EAST INDIA SUGAR, OR AN INQUIRY RESPECTING THE MEANS OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY AND REDUCING THE COST OF SUGAR RAISED BY FREE LABOUR IN THE EAST INDIES. London. 1824. ,41pp. An interesting economic report that seeks to solve the problem of the protective duties of ten shillings per hundred weight imposed on East Indian sugar over the prices paid for West Indian sugar. GOLDSMITHS 24127. 12) [Moorsom, Constantine Richard]: HOW DO WE PROCURE SUGAR? A QUESTION PROPOSED FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF THE PEOPLE OF GREAT BRITAIN. Whitby. 1828. 11pp. A short but persuasive pamphlet published by the Anti-Slavery Society and written by the compiler of the present sammelbands, with his initials next to the author credit "By a Naval Officer" on the titlepage. In the text, Moorsom intends to make clear to the British people exactly where their sugar comes from: "We procure sugar by the labour of Slaves." The work also furthers the argument that free labor is cheaper and more effective than slave labor, "now fully established by experiment and facts." Not in Ragatz. Only one copy in OCLC, at the University of California, Berkeley. GOLDSMITHS 25688. OCLC 21622755. 13) Conder, Josiah: WAGES OR THE WHIP. AN ESSAY ON THE COMPARATIVE COST AND PRODUCTIVENESS OF FREE AND SLAVE LABOUR. London. 1833. ,91pp. An important pamphlet that argues for emancipation of the slave labor force in the West Indies, accompanied by the settlement, continued employment, and wages for said emancipated slaves. "Slave labor was, in fact, expensive and added greatly to the uncertainty of plantership. It was the cause of the exciting West Indian distress" - Ragatz. GOLDSMITHS 28315. KRESS 3445. RAGATZ, p.491. 14) [Macaulay, Zachary]: NEGRO SLAVERY; A VIEW OF SOME OF THE MORE PROMINENT FEATURES OF THAT STATE OF SOCIETY, AS IT EXISTS IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND IN THE COLONIES OF THE WEST INDIES, ESPECIALLY IN JAMAICA. London. 1823. ,92pp. An important anti- slavery pamphlet, being a compendium of contemporary accounts of the evils of the slavery system in the United States through the travels of Hall and Fearon. The section on conditions in the West Indies includes an account of Jamaica by Rev. Thomas Cooper, "missionary in the island from 1817 to 1821, which embroiled him in an acrimonious controversy with the colonials headed by Robert Hibbert" - Ragatz. SABIN 52269. GOLDSMITHS 23964. KRESS 1106. RAGATZ, p.522. LIBRARY COMPANY, AFRO-AMERICANA 6164A. 15) SLAVERY IN THE WEST INDIES [caption title]. London. 1830. 8pp. Reprinted from the WESTMINSTER REVIEW, this penny pamphlet includes accounts of the trial of Esther Hibner and the case of the "Cruelties perpetrated by Henry and Helen Moss on a Female Negro Slave who died under the infliction" in the Bahamas. The text also discusses the economic factors in the West Indies that have contributed to the mistreatment of slaves, namely the sugar trade. The head of the first page contains an engraving of a slaver holding a long whip poised to bring the whip down on a chained slave begging on his knees. The engraving is signed by George Cruikshank, who would later gain fame illustrating the books of Charles Dickens. A number of similarly-titled publications are listed in Ragatz, but not this one. 16) FACTS PROVING THE GOOD CONDUCT AND PROSPERITY OF EMANCIPATED NEGROES AND REMARKS ON MELIORATION [caption title]. [N.p., likely London. ca. 1830]. 35pp. A collection of slave troubles far and wide, from Haiti to South Africa to Kentucky to Tortola to Liberia, and numerous other locations. The anonymous author then argues: "It appears that in every place and time in which emancipation has been tried, not one drop of white blood has been shed or even endangered by it; that it has every where greatly improved the condition of the blacks, and in most places has removed them from a state of degradation and suffering to one of respectability and happiness. Can it then be justifiable on account of any vague fears of we know not what evils, to reject this just, salutary, and hitherto uninjurious measure; and to cling to a system which we know by certain experience is producing crime, misery, and death during every day of its existence?" 17) Whiteley, Henry: THREE MONTHS IN JAMAICA, IN 1832: COMPRISING A RESIDENCE OF SEVEN WEEKS ON A SUGAR PLANTATION. London. 1833. ,24pp. "The author was sent to Jamaica by a London West India house with a recommendation to the latter's attorney that he be given employment. While on the island, he witnessed the harsh punishment accorded the slaves and developed a great antipathy for plantation life. He was found out to be a Methodist and hastily left the colony when his life was threatened" - Ragatz. This foundational pamphlet on abolition was later reprinted around 1862 and retitled THE HORRORS OF SLAVERY to discourage British aid to the fledgling Confederacy during the Civil War. GOLDSMITHS 28339. RAGATZ, p.568. 18) Jeremie, John: FOUR ESSAYS ON COLONIAL SLAVERY. London. 1832. ,125,pp. Second edition, after the first published the previous year. For six years, Jeremie served as the president of the royal court at St. Lucia before serving as procurer general in Mauritius. These four essays were written in an unofficial capacity, but still caused some trouble for Jeremie during the appointment process for Mauritius. "Jeremie urged immediate progressive amelioration leading to emancipation by act of Parliament rather than by the several colonial Legislatures" - Ragatz. GOLDSMITHS 27668. RAGATZ, p.517. 19) Godwin, Benjamin, Rev.: THE SUBSTANCE OF A COURSE OF LECTURES ON BRITISH COLONIAL SLAVERY.... London. 1830. xii,171pp. plus folding table. Half title. "A series of four lectures on slavery as an institution, the evils of the system, its unlawfulness, the growth and progress of the anti-slave movement and the need for emancipation. The author, a nonconformist clergyman at Bradford, delivered these addresses in public halls to gain sympathy for the negro cause on the part of those who might be drawn into a dissenting church to hear him speak" - Ragatz. Six years later, an American edition appeared in Boston for propaganda purposes under the title LECTURES ON SLAVERY. This copy is heavily annotated and underlined by Moorsom. GOLDSMITHS 26479. RAGATZ, p.507. 20) [Cropper, James]: A REVIEW OF THE REPORT OF A SELECT COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, ON THE STATE OF THE WEST INDIA COLONIES...OR, THE INTERESTS OF THE COUNTRY AND THE PROSPERITY OF THE WEST INDIA PLANTERS MUTUALLY SECURED IN THE IMMEDIATE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY. Liverpool. 1833. 30pp. Presentation copy, inscribed from Cropper to C.R. Moorsom on the titlepage. A substantial work relating the disadvantageous aspects of the Brazilian slave trade. Here, Cropper argues for emancipation of the West Indian slaves, and opposes both bounties and the Caribbean monopoly. The work is also sometimes attributed to George Smith, but Ragatz's attribution to Cropper and the presentation inscription here both speak well for Cropper's authorship. "The author was a wealthy philanthropist, founder and head of the great East India trading house of Cropper, Benson & Co. of Liverpool. He devoted much energy to the cause of emancipation, cooperating with Wilberforce and Clarkson. Unfortunately, his dual position as an importer of oriental produce and an advocate of emancipation, which was to be brought about through removing restrictive duties on East India sugar and thus forcing the West India planters to come to terms, made him peculiarly subject to attack and his enemies constantly had him on the defensive. He seems, however, to have been perfectly sincere" - Ragatz. SABIN 70259. GOLDSMITHS 28314. KRESS 3453. RAGATZ, p.494 (ref). Vice-Admiral Constantine Richard Moorsom (1792-1861) joined the Royal Navy College at age 15, and two years later he embarked on the H.M.S. Revenge. He participated in the bombardment of Algiers in 1816, which resulted in the release of numerous slaves. Moorsom spent considerable time in the Caribbean during his naval service, which no doubt informed his later work as an abolitionist. Moorsom wrote several monographs on subjects as diverse as steam navigation, naval tactics, signal codes, and the abolition of slavery. Moorsom is pictured as one of the attendees in a famous painting by Benjamin Haydon of the World Anti- Slavery Convention held in London in 1840; the painting is held at the National Portrait Gallery in London. A deep and diverse collection of anti- slavery works once belonging to an ardent and active abolitionist.