San Francisco: Nichi Bei Times, 1948. ,1-42,42A,43-138,,,1-,,145-243,pp. Text in Japanese and English. Illustrations. Quarto. Publisher's textured pictorial wrappers. Minor stain to left portion of front wrapper, mild edge wear. Light foxing to terminal leaf, else clean internally. Very good. Item #WRCAM55182
A fascinating guide designed to assist Japanese Americans with resettlement after their forced evacuation and confinement in internment camps earlier in the decade. This guide would have been of great help in assisting Japanese Americans in reconnecting and reuniting with family, friends, and business associates from whom they had been separated during the internment period. It would have also been helpful for Japanese-Americans businesspeople looking for a fresh start after their companies were taken away from them at the outset of the relocation program, and for new businesses to connect with the growing Japanese-American community in San Francisco and other places after World War II. The guide, illustrated with numerous photographs and a front cover illustration featuring the Golden Gate Bridge by renowned Japanese- American artist Chiura Obata, consists of a lengthy report printed entirely in Japanese, followed by a bilingual directory of Japanese- American organizations (including the Japanese American Citizens League, the Anti-Discrimination Committee, and others), churches (mostly Buddhist), professional organizations, businesses, and a residential directory. The latter is organized by cities, with the great majority listing names and addresses of individuals in dozens of cities throughout California, but also Utah, Oregon, Washington, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, Louisiana, Washington, D.C., Alaska, Hawaii, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Argentina, and Peru. The directory is interspersed throughout with advertisements for Japanese-owned businesses and other businesses friendly to the Japanese-American community; advertisements are also printed on the inside covers and back cover. Advertised businesses include the Yamate Brothers, importers and exporters; Takeuchi Brothers, "wholesale distributors of quality fishing tackle;" Mackay Radio & Telegraph Co., which touts "Direct high-speed radiotelegraph service to and from Japan;" Shibata Mt. Eden Nursery Co.; Kusano Hotel; Ogi Jewelry company; Wm. S. Yamashita Company, grocers; Dr. G.I. Kawamura and his medical partners; the Namimatsu Farm; Hime Brand Sacramento Noodle Factory; Mukai Brewing Co., and scores of others. The photographic illustrations at the beginning of the text are interesting. They open with a page showing various California buildings, including the state capitol in Sacramento. These are followed by pictures of the evacuation of Japanese Americans in 1942, a couple of scenes inside the internment camps, including Heart Mountain, and two aerial views of internment camps, one identified as Topaz in Utah. These photographs are followed by several pages of San Francisco street scenes showing various buildings of Japanese- American interest, ending with the NICHI BEI TIMES office. This directory was published by the NICHI BEI TIMES, an important Japanese-American newspaper started in San Francisco in 1946 by former employees of the NICHI BEI SHIMBUN, after the return of Japanese Americans to the Bay Area from internment camps. The paper quickly became an important source of news for Japanese Americans that the mainstream media often neglected, including important issues such as civil rights violations dealing with discrimination and hate crimes. At the time of its print demise in 2009, the NICHI BEI TIMES was the longest-running Japanese-language newspaper in northern California; it continues today as an online newspaper. OCLC records just three copies, at the San Francisco Public Library, the Bancroft Library, and the University of Washington. OCLC 55742908, 21851426.