Puebla, Mexico. 1834-1836. 141 separate printed items (140 broadsides and one 10pp. report), plus three manuscript sectional titlepages and two additional manuscripts. Broadsides measure from approximately 12 x 8 inches up to 25 x 11 inches (twenty-three broadsides are folded to fit the binding). Folio. Contemporary half calf and marbled boards, with "COLECCION DE DECRETOS 1834 A 36 F. BEIZTEGU" in gilt on spine. Small abrasion near spine head, moderate edge wear and rubbing, corners worn and bumped. Uneven toning, occasional minor foxing and staining, some minor fold separations, a small area of loss to a few leaves. Overall very good. Untrimmed. Item #WRCAM54955
An impressive volume, containing 141 separate Puebla gubernatorial declarations, transmittals of Mexican congressional and presidential decrees, and other administrative notices regarding a vast array of internal political and legislative issues during an important two- year span in Mexican history. The broadsides are signed in type by the various military governors of Puebla, in the following order: Cosme Furlong, José Juan Sanchez, Guadalupe Victoria (the former first president of Mexico after achieving independence from Spain), José Mariano Marin, Manuel Rincon, and and José Antonio Mozo, and other Mexican officials, including José Antonio Grajales and José Mariano Duarte. The documents are dated from January 1834 to December 1836, and are bound roughly in chronological order. The two manuscripts appear to be copies of decrees not present here in letterpress. Of the printed items, only one is not a broadside; it is a ten-page report from August 4, 1836 on "tarifa de patentes" for a wide variety of businesses from hotels to factories to breweries. Manuel Rincon's declaration at the end of January 1835 includes news of another resignation by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna as president of the United Mexican States. This would signal the end of Santa Anna's fourth term as president of the United Mexican States, though he would go on to serve seven more terms as the president of either the Mexican Republic or the reconstituted United Mexican States. The Texas Revolution erupted in the winter and spring of 1836, culminating with the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, the Texian defeat at the Battle of the Alamo on March 6, and the ultimate triumph of the Texas revolutionaries at the Battle of San Jacinto in late April. Three broadsides here include content relating to Texas. The first, issued by the governor of Puebla on July 28, 1836 transmits Mexican President José Justo Corro's July 16 presidential decree regarding the port of Matamoros, the first article of which begins "Durante la guerra con los sublevados de Tejas..." (STREETER TEXAS 880, citing the Mexico City printing). In this decree, President Corro authorizes the importation of provisions into Matamoros and approves supplies for an expedition of the Mexican Army into Texas. President Corro's decree specifically exempted mules and supply wagons from seizure when entering the port of Matamoros. The Mexican government continued to assert rights to Texas even after the Texas Revolution, refusing for some time to recognize the Velasco treaties, signed under duress by Santa Anna in May. OCLC reports two Mexico City printings of this decree, as well as one in Monterrey and one in Zacatecas, but none from Puebla. The second Texas-related item is an October 25 Puebla printing transmitting an October 15 presidential decree extending protections to other Mexican ports used for the expeditionary force against Texas, in addition to Matamoros. This relates directly to and expands the decree above. The original presidential decree published in Mexico City is STREETER TEXAS 881, but Streeter does not record this Puebla imprint. The third item relating to Texas, and perhaps the most obscure and interesting item in the volume, is a two-page broadsheet circular by Puebla Governor José Antonio Mozo dated September 21, 1836. Mozo's tirade begins "Los anarquistas, tan impotentes para sobreponerse al poder nacional que los tiene condenados al desprecio....Escarmentados en Etla, ya no osan saltar a la arena para batir frente a frente a la autoridad; pero por una notable inconsecuencia, los mismos que han apoyado y no cesan de apoyar la causa de los advenedizos de Tejas a pesar de que ella tiende a robarnos la independencia hoy quieren ostentarse zelosos defensores de esta y suponer en el Gobierno siniestras miras" Mozo is raging against the "devious" activities of the current crop of "anarchist troublemakers" in Mexico, who continue to stoke the flames of conflict with Spain. The anarchists claim that the Mexican government is succumbing to blackmail and pressure from Spain. Mozo wants the Mexican government to quell the continued defamatory communications from the anarchists. He is also accusing the anarchists of supporting the uprising in Texas, claiming their stance on Texas is hypocritical in light of their stance on Spain, since the Texas troubles robbed the Mexican government of land and revenue. Not in STREETER TEXAS, no copies in OCLC, and no results in auction records. A vast collection of provincial Pueblan imprints covering two years of Mexican history that saw the end of the United Mexican States and the birth of the Mexican Republic, with rare content on Mexico's troubles in Texas. STREETER TEXAS 880 (ref) and 881 (ref).